Gillingham; Chemical Composition of Lick Soils: Perspectives on the importance of natural salt licks to ungulates have been broadened beyond the role of providing sodium. This study examined the chemical compositions of wet and dry licks in north-central British Columbia, and defined the benefits of licks to elk Cervus elaphus , moose Alces alces , Stone's sheep Ovis dalli stonei , and mountain goats Oreamnos americanus. We analyzed soils for buffering compounds carbonates and estimated available elements from extractions with solutions at a low, digestive-tract pH.
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